Category: Azari / Azerbaijan / آذری / آذربایجان

Azerbaijani Genetics DNA Turk Tork

Azerbaijani Genetics


Congressman Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA) sent a letter to U.S. Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton urging the United States to try to start a separatist civil war in Iran under the pretext of  “back[ing] freedom for Azeris from Iran.” Rohrabacher’s letter was prompted by recent news stories concerning a budding military cooperation between Israel and the Republic of Azerbaijan.  What Rohrabacher fails to understand is that Azaris are ancient Iranians.

Rohrabacher stated:

“It would be wise for the United States to encourage such cooperation, as the aggressive dictatorship in Tehran is our enemy as well as theirs.  The people of Azerbaijan are geographically divided and many are calling for the reunification of their homeland after nearly two centuries of foreign rule.  … The Azerbaijan Republic won its independence in 1991 when the Soviet Union collapsed,” continues the letter. “Now it is time for the Azeris in Iran to win their freedom too.  Almost twice as many Azeri live in Iran as in the Azerbaijan Republic. Their homeland was divided by Russia and Persia in 1828, without their consent.”

Screen Shot of Rohrabacher’s Official Website:
Rohrabacher Iran

A short history lesson about Azarbaijan would have saved Rohrabacher some embarrassment:

The name of Azerbaijan derives from the Achaemenian (Iranian) commander ‘Atropates.’  (Strabo 11.523). It was noted during the ancient Persian empire under the Sasanian King Shapur. In Middle Persian the name is Ātorpātākān; and the New Persian forms Ād̲harbāyjān, Ād̲arbāygān, and Azarbaijan. Strabo, in Book 11 of his geographical accounts, gives us one of the earliest descriptions of the region: “Atropatian Media (Azerbaijan), which got its name from the commander Atropates (a Persian General) … was a part of Greater Media (Northern Iran).” Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn al-Husayn (896-956), the Arab historian states: “ The Persians are a people whose borders are the Mahat Mountains and Azarbaijan up to Armenia and Aran….” Ibn Rusta, a 9th/10th century Persian geographer mentioned the names of the districts and provinces of Iran. In his famous book al-A’laq Al-Nafisah he states in part: “Iran-Shahr is divided amongst these regions: Khorasan, Sajestan, Kerman, Fars, Al-Ahwaz, Al-Jabal, Azerbaijan ….”

In other words, the Congressman’s clownish recitation of history would earn him a failing grade in a basic high school history exam.  Congressman Rohrabacher could have also saved himself  this embaressment by consulting a few historical maps before issuing a press release:

Azerbaijan - Ancient Province of Iran (Historical Map Collection, Library of Congress)

Azarbaijan – Ancient Province of Iran (Historical Map Collection, Harvard Univ.) – Cartography: John Gibson 1770

The Soviet Union also tried to separate the province of Iranian-Azarbaijan resulting in Iranian-Azaris crushing the plot and its handful supporters during World War II.

According to Prof. Gary R. Hess:

“On December 11, an Iranian force entered Tabriz and the Peeshavari [USSR] government quickly collapsed. The Soviet willingness to forego its influence in (Iranian) Azerbaijan probably resulted from several factors, including the realization that the sentiment for autonomy had been exaggerated and that oil concessions remained the more desirable long-term Soviet Objective.”  [Gary. R. Hess Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 89, No. 1 (March., 1974); (Source.)]

Iran has had many Azarbaijani Shahs (Kings), and as the interview with the senior member of the last Azarbaijani royal family of Iran (below) clearly indicates, Azaris are loyal Iranians:

The separatist movement that the Congressman writes about comes from a small handful of people supported by the U.S. Government and Israelis, like billionaire  Ishak Nazarian who told the press the following:

“Nazarian said that Azerbaijani Jews played important role in the formation of Israeli society.” … “I am one of the builders of the organization uniting 30 thousand Iranian-Jews in Los Angeles. 600 thousand Muslims migrated from South Azerbaijan have been living in US. I want to underline that the rights of 35 million Azerbaijanis living in Iran are being violated. … We can assist Turkish and Azerbaijani communities to set up their own radio and television.”

(Sources: Ishak Nazarian APA Interview No. 1 and No. 2.)

Ali Abdoli Voice of Talysh the Republic of Azerbaijan

Ali Abdoli Voice of Talysh the Republic of Azerbaijan

A Letter from Ali Abdoli, Iranian citizen, scientist and writer, to the Republic of Azerbaijani and international community regarding the arrest of Talysh academic Hilal Mamadov by the government of the Republic of Azerbaijan:

Not long ago the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan made a declaration about the arrest of  academic Hilal Mammadov. In this declaration they also accused me; and afterwards some western media resources made publications under heading, “Iran and Azerbaijan relations strained after new accusations.”

Persons who knows me personally are witnesses of under the conditions I live under now: That is why I don’t see any need to defend myself to those that know me. But the said accusations can cause some misunderstanding for those who don’t know me closely so I feel the need to give some information about myself, my job and my activity.

As a citizen of Iran I don’t work in any state enterprise. As an independent researcher I have worked in the field of culture during the last 40 years. Very unfortunately, the repressive regime of the Republic of Azerbaijan has exploited my academic work and made it a tool of its anti-Iranian policy.  I am known as a researcher of Talysh people and culture, which is an ethnic subgroup of Iranian people. Frequently when the the autocratic regime of the Republic of Azerbaijan wants to arrest or destroy some activist or journalist it uses  my name and charges me with groundless and defamatory accusations.

Recently the Chief Editor of the newspaper “Tolyshi Sado”  (a news journal concerning the culture and history of Talysh people) Hilal Mammadov was arrested under a false drug possession charge, which the Republic of Azerbaijan soon transformed into a charge of high treason.  Astonishingly, I was declared as his co-conspirator in this absurd plot.

Everyone knows that I work as a researcher of Tat and Talysh people and cultures and during the period of my activity I have published 18 books and 40 articles in this field – I am an academic.  For my work in 1992 I was awarded with an Honorary Doctorate degree from the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences.

I have a bookstore in the city of Rizvanshahr of Iran and support with income from this bookstore my wife and my son.

I am 61 years old; I am very tired and exhausted and have no strength to think of anything else.

I love my motherland Iran and I am ready to sacrifice my life for it.

And I have never been engaged in any political issue for what I could be accused.

We have friendship relationships with Hilal Mammadov as with any other Talysh cultural activist and I am very proud of this friendship. But our friendship has no element of ‘secret activity.’  Our academic consultations together never passed the boundaries of research of Talysh cultural issues. I had a friendship with the late Noruz-ali Mammadov also: Unfortunately, the repressive regime of the Republic of Azerbaijan killed him conducting nothing more than academic cultural work with me; and the repressive government of the Republic of Azerbaijan has now is willing to destroy Hilal Mammadov also.

Who will be the next, for God’s sake?!

The autocratic and repressive regime of the the Republic of Azerbaijan wants to destroy national minorities in Azerbaijan; Talysh minority representatives especially suffer from the government of Republic of Azerbaijan most of all. Anyone who wants to be productive and thoughtful will be destroyed by Baku police.

As any free conscientious person I am very concerned about it. But I am not able to change such a bad condition that this regime caused for its ethnic minorities. However, I shall not allow my personality to be used as a toy by the repressive government of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

If you want to know information about me you can go to my personal site:


Ali Abdoli

email:   Aliabdoli1[at]
پایگاه تالش پژوهی علی عبدلی

تالش، طبيعت تالش،فرهنگ عامه ، كتابخانه ، تاريخ و باستان شناسی تالش، زبان تالشی ،مشاهیر، ادبيات

letter of Ali Abdoli Voice of Talysh

letter of Ali Abdoli Voice of Talysh

Video of Government of the Republic of Azerbaijan killing Novruzali Mamadov and Hilal Mamadov (who has now been arrested) reading the eulogy.


Submitted by Center for Independent Media

A recent AP article states:  Azerbaijan arrests reporter behind Internet hit: BAKU, Azerbaijan (AP) — A journalist in Azerbaijan best known for creating a wildly popular Internet video that became a cult favorite in Russia has been arrested on drug possession charges [in the Republic of Azerbaijan], police said Friday. Mammadov’s lawyer, Anar Qasimli, said the charges against his client were without basis, and the reporter’s relatives insist he is the victim of a police set-up. Mammadov will be kept in custody for three months while the probe is ongoing, Qasimli said. If found guilty, Mammadov faces a prison sentence of up to 12 years. Mammadov is a member of Azerbaijan’s Talysh ethnic minority, which resides along the country’s border with Iran, and edits a local newspaper, ‘Talysh Voice.’ Mammadov has in the past criticized authorities for allegedly repressing minority populations in Azerbaijan.”

Hilal Mamedov Baku Talesh Voice of Talesh Astara

I have known Hilal Mamdedov for years.  Hilal is an ethnic Iranian, from the Talesh community (near the Caspian coast).  However, Hilal has never lived in the Iran of today, but lives in what is now called the “Republic of Azerbaijan.”

Roughly 150 years ago, what is today called “The Republic of Azerbaijan” was a part of Northern Iran and was seized by Russia.   Soon after, Russia became the USSR and Stalin quickly realized the value of oil resources there and (rightfully) feared the risk of the native people that wanted the province to repatriate with Iran – Many people were slaughtered; many books were burned to craft a new identity for the people taken as captives in a land newly controlled by Russia.  In what became a bizarre twist in history, Stalin and Turkish nationalists commenced a program to strip ethnic Iranians of their identity.  Ottoman-Turkey assisted in importing Turkish nationalism, mixed with brutally repressive tactics, and after a few generations the lower Caucuses still experiences today what many historians call “a severe identity crisis that is more a consequence of Stalin’s imagination, than historical fact.”  Although the USSR no longer exists, the blueprint that Joseph Stalin and the Ottoman-Turks left behind is still being exploited to siphon-off the oil from the Caspian for the benefit of everyone except the people that live there. The autocratic governement and bogus journalism emanating from the Republic of Azerbaijan is being supported and financed by major global oil companies who also hire ‘Blackwater’ type paramilitary forces to subdue the people.

Hilal Mamdedov is from the Talesh community (Mountain Iranians) – a group that did not bend to allow their identity to be taken from them.  The Talesh regional flag carries the tripartite Green, White and Red Iranian colors and the famous sun emblem (though the flag is explicitly outlawed in the Republic of Azerbaijan).  The news article suggests that Hilal has been arrested for “heroin” possession, which to anyone who knows him is an absurd lie on its face.  He is an exceptionally learned, talented and healthy man known world-wide for his gift for journalism and passion for nature.  Many years ago on a business trip to Baku, I hiked what used to be the Iranian mountains with Hilal (they are now a part of the Republic of Azerbaijan). Hilal is an outdoorsman and the kindest person one can hope to meet; he is the type of person who will go out of his way to give his time and hospitality to a complete stranger.  I invite you to browse his photos on Facebook which are sort of a glimpse into his character and maybe interesting for Iranians from a perspective of cultural anthropology.  I have seen on this site the term “Greater Iran” used.  This is a man that represents the Iran that was.  He is the ethnic cousin of Iranians, and comes from a group that would not allow their Iranian roots to be erased.  I encourage you to raise awareness about his plight and to share his story.  It also appears that several sites carrying his newspaper have vanished into thin air.

Below are three videos: Two are about the Talesh people; and the third is about the autocratic government that rules the Republic of Azerbaijan for the benefit of about 20-30 powerful families and the major oil companies that back them.

Who are the Talesh?

Corruption & Oil inAzerbaijan:    Baku District Court Azerbaijan

Before the language of the Republic of Azerbaijan became Turkic, an Iranian language (Old Persian) was the language of the people.

Even the Government of the Republic of Azerbaijan in its official publications admits that the name “Azerbaijan” is a Persian word that derives from the name of a Persian General.

Azeri Persian Azerbaijan Persian Azeri Iranian Azeri Baku Tabriz Aradabil


  • Azeris Genetics are similar to other Iranian People: 

International Journal of Immunogenetics 34:6 (December 2007), pages 457-463:

“The genetic relationship between Kurds and Azeris of Iran was investigated based on human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II profiles. HLA typing was performed using polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment-length polymorphism (PCR/RFLP) and PCR/sequence-specific primer (PCR/SSP) methods in 100 Kurds and 100 Azeris. DRB1*1103/04, DQA1*0501 and DQB1*0301 were the most common alleles and DRB1*1103/04-DQA1*0501-DQB1*0301 was the most frequent haplotype in both populations. No significant difference was observed in HLA class II allele distribution between these populations except for DQB1*0503 which showed a higher frequency in Kurds. Neighbor-joining tree based on Nei’s genetic distances and correspondence analysis according to DRB1, DQA1 and DQB1 allele frequencies showed a strong genetic tie between Kurds and Azeris of Iran. The results of amova revealed no significant difference between these populations and other major ethnic groups of IranNo close genetic relationship was observed between Azeris of Iran and the people of Turkey or Central Asians. According to the current results, present-day Kurds and Azeris of Iran seem to belong to a common genetic pool.”

Azeris originally spoke strictly Iranian languages, similar to Persian, then became bilingual because of Turkish nomads that entered into Northern Iran for a period of time:  

“The Turkish speakers of Azerbaijan (q.v.) are mainly descended from the earlier Iranian speakers, several pockets of whom still exist in the region.”

(Frye R.N., Encyclopædia Iranica, Publ. by Columbia Univ.)

“In the beginning of the 11th century the Ghuzz hordes, first in smaller parties, and then in considerable numbers, under the Seljuqids occupied Azarbaijan. In consequence, the Iranian population of Azarbaijan and the adjacent parts of Transcaucasia became Turkophone.” … “Turkish nomads, in spite of their deep penetration throughout Iranian lands, only slightly influenced the local culture. Elements borrowed by the Iranians from their invaders were negligible.”

(Xavier de Planhol, “Un village de montagne de l’Azerbaïjan iranien, Lighwan,”Revue de Géographie de Lyon, 1960, pp. 395-418.)

Shah Ismael Safavi

Shah Ismael Safavi